Turkic flags

Flags of Turkic people ("a: of, relating to, or constituting a family of Altaic languages including Turkish; b: of or relating to the people speaking Turkic languages" - Merriam Webster)

Saziye Cakiroglu, M.A. Linguistics

7/29/20231 min read

Image: Bilge Tonyukuk Institute

Turkic languages are defined in dictionary as 1) a family of closely related languages of southwest, central, and northern Asia and eastern Europe, including Turkish, Azerbaijani, Turkmen, Uzbek, Kirghiz, and Yakut. Abbreviations: Turk, Türk. Turkic as adjective is defined as "of or relating to Turkic or Turkic-speaking people".

The Turkic people are a collection of diverse ethnic groups of West, Central, East and North Asia as well as parts of Europe, who speak Turkic languages.

According to historians and linguists, the Proto-Turkic language originated in Central-East Asia, potentially in Altai-Sayan region, Mongolia or Tuva. Initially, Proto-Turkic speakers were potentially both hunter-gatherers and farmers, but later became nomadic pastoralists. Early and medieval Turkic groups exhibited a wide range of both East Asian and West-Eurasian physical appearances and genetic origins, in part through long-term contact with neighboring people such as Iranian, Mongolic, Tocharian, Uralic and Yeniseian people, and others.

Many vastly differing ethnic groups have throughout history become part of the Turkic people through language shift, acculturation, conquest, intermixing, adoption and religious conversion. Nevertheless, Turkic people share, to varying degrees, non-linguistic characteristics like cultural traits, ancestry from a common gene pool, and historical experiences. Some of the most notable modern Turkic ethnic groups include the Altai people, Azerbaijanis, Chuvash people, Gagauz people, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz people, Turkmens, Turkish people, Tuvans, Uyghurs, Uzbeks, and Yakuts. (Source: Wikipedia)